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種子學(種子科學、種子技術、種子生理學)  種子文學、種子音樂、種子圖畫、種子寫真、植物圖畫、花卉郵票、花園景觀、台灣田莊  作物生產概論、個別作物學  農業倫理、糧食與農業相關議題 

作物栽培制度
農林間作  農漁牧混合制度  休耕


農林間作 
Agroforestry

  • 定義:

1) The combination of agriculture and forestry technologies to create more integrated, diverse, productive, profitable, healthy and sustainable land-use systems.  

2) A dynamic, ecologically based, natural resources management system that, through the integration of trees on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production for increased social, economic and environmental benefits for land users at all levels. 

  • 各種農林間作的樹木用法:: 

List of agroforestry niches  見: 
http://factnet.winrock.org/fnrm/factnet/factpub/Slidesho/INTRO.HTM
Farm Borders
Living Fences
Windbreaks
Trees in Crop Fields
Hedgerow Intercropping
Wide-row Intercropping
Shade and Nurse Trees
Support Trees
Trees in Livestock Systems
Trees in Livestock Systems, conti.
Home Gardens
Shade/Ornamental
Temporal Systems and Woodlots
Temporal Systems and Woodlots, 
      continued Woodlots

 

  • 農林間作與坡地農業:個例 (田籬間作 Alley cropping或 Hedgerow Intercropping)

田籬間作 Alley cropping 或 Hedgerow Intercropping:每隔4-6公尺寬以速生樹種植成田籬,田籬之間種植一般農作物。種植作物前修剪作為綠肥並且避免遮蔭。

 

  • 參考資料:
     

南洋櫻 Gliricidia sepium 在農林混作上的用途

The International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF)

World Agroforestry Centre

 

Farm Woodland Forum

Agroforester.com  http://www.agroforester.com/

一些可下載的電子書 http://www.agroforester.com/articles/book.html

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農漁牧混合制度

 

方式:結合農地、池水以及空間,的農漁牧混合生產方式。

水稻、浮萍、魚、鴨、蚯蚓共養模式
水稻、浮萍、魚、豬共養模式

來源:  http://collections.infocollections.org/ukedu/en/d/Jii01ee/10.1.html

 

 

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 休耕 
Fallow, Set aside

休耕地的管理

1.綠肥
2.覆蓋植物
3.野花管理
 

休耕地的其他用途

1.生質能(Biomass)的生產
2.木材生產
3.無設施休閒遊樂區
4.生態保育
 

參考資料

Clarke, J. (ed.) 1992  Set-aside. BCPC Monograph No. 50. British Crop Protection Council, Farnham, Surrey.

Overview of Cover Crops and Green Manures: Fundamentals of Sustainable Agriculture
http://blogs.cornell.edu/organicdairyinitiative/files/2014/04/Overview-of-Cover-Crops-and-Green-Manures-19wvmad.pdf

 

 Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA)

Making the Transition to Sustainable Farming 
ftp://ftp-fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/WSI/pdffiles/Sustainable_Agriculture-Making_the_Transition.pdf

 

Companion Planting  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Companion_planting

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